- HyperText Markup Language
- Other standards include Java, VRML
- HTML documents are read by WWW browsers
- There are several HTML editors, Hotdog, Hot Metal, Spider, etc.
- Some of them automatically generate the code when you press
appropriate buttons (choose menu commands)
- Some are WYSIWYG. The code generated is transparent to you. What
you see is what you get.
- The standards are changing rapidly, Netscape extensions to HTML
- Microsoft extensions to VRML
- It may be a while until a clear winner is established
- Important thing is to understand the basic principles, the details
will keep on changing. More likely than not we will start using
- General Format of an HTML document is:
- HTML commands are specified in angled brackets
- / followed by the name of the command corresponds to the end of
- beginning of HTML document end of the HTML document
- corresponds top the heading on the title bar
- corresponds to the text of the document
- The text in the body has to have formatting commands or all
of it will appear in a one long paragraph
- If you had preformatted text inside an HTML document then
command. Show the text as it is.
- It is possible to have further formatting inside the
- Whenever you are looking at an HTML document through netscape.
You can see the HTML source by going to view and ask for source.
- Documents will consist of headings
- There are several levels of heading
and so on.
- centers the text
- can be used for making certain text bold
- can be used for italics
.... Is used for numbered text
Each numbered paragraph has to come after command
- Bulleted text works same as numbered paragraph
We use the command
- Demo Document
Let us see what happens.
- This formatting means nothing.
The previous command gave us level one heading
Level two heading which follows is smaller.
Level 2 Heading
- Let us try the numbers
- This is point number 2
- This is point number 3
Bulleted Text follows
- You can create tables using
- First point
- Second point
- and it goes on
- Links to different files
- The document will show the linkname. When someone clicks
on the linkname filename will be loaded.
- The links can be more complicated than just filenames.
Any URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is acceptable link.
- Images can be added by specifying
Name of the image
|First row first column||First row second column
|Row2 col 1||Row 2 Col 2|